When the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was enacted in 1990, many provisions of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act were extended to public and private companies who do not receive federal funding.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 requires that people with disabilities be provided equal access to public programs and services. According to this law, no otherwise qualified individuals with disabilities shall, solely by reason of their disabilities, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination in these programs.
The ADA upholds and extends the standards set forth in Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act to employment practices; communications; and all policies, procedures, and practices that impact the treatment of students with disabilities. Making a service or program accessible is the responsibility of the service or program. Access extends past the classroom to all programs and services made available to the public, such as athletic programs and extracurricular offerings.
Section 504 also specifies that colleges and universities may not limit the number of students with disabilities admitted or make preadmission inquiries as to whether or not an applicant has a disability. In addition, colleges and universities cannot use admission tests or other criteria that inadequately measure the academic qualifications of students with disabilities because special provisions to take the tests were not made, exclude a qualified student with a disability from any course of study, or establish rules and policies that may adversely affect students with disabilities.