**MA 019W Quantitative Reasoning Workshop**This course is the workshop portion of MA 119 Introduction to Problem Solving with Quantitative Reasoning Review, and must be taken concurrently with MA 119. The workshop provides a review of quantitative reasoning topics, including rate, ratio, and percents; perimeter, area, volume, and the units and conversion between units for those calculations; the mathematics of finance; linear models; visual representation of data; and estimation. This course is designed to help reduce students’ mathematical anxiety and increase their confidence with mathematical applications. Credits for MA 019W may not be applied toward any degree. Corequisite: MA 119. (3)

**MA 094 Quantitative Reasoning**Provides a review of quantitative reasoning topics, including rate, ratios, and percents; perimeter, area, volume, and the units and conversion between units for those calculations; the mathematics of finance; linear models; visual representation of data; and estimation. This course is designed to help reduce students’ mathematical anxiety and increase their confidence with mathematical applications. Intended as preparation for MA 121, MA 124, MA 127, and MA 132. Credits for MA 094 may not be applied toward any degree. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process. (3)

**MA 095 Intermediate Algebra**This intermediate algebra course provides a review of topics, techniques, terminology, and applications of algebra. This course is intended as preparation for MA 155 and MA 171. Credits for MA 095 may not be applied toward any degree. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process. (3)

**MA 119 Introduction to Problem Solving with Quantitative Reasoning Review**This course is one part of a two-part module and must be taken concurrently with MA 019W Quantitative Reasoning Workshop. The course and its companion workshop review quantitative reasoning while presenting a survey of topics in college-level mathematics that develop critical thinking skills, flexibility of thought, appropriate problem-solving strategies, and the ability to express ideas in mathematical language. Strategies include modeling, using symmetry, algebra, logical reasoning, set theoretical analysis, detecting patterns, and making predictions. Emphasis is placed on developing skills in analysis, estimation, and verification. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process. Corequisite: MA 019W.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT. *(3)

**MA 121 Introduction to Problem Solving**A survey of topics in mathematics that develops critical thinking skills, flexibility of thought, appropriate problem solving strategies, and the ability to express ideas in mathematical language. Strategies include modeling, symmetry, algebra, logical reasoning, set theoretic analysis, and probability. Emphasis is placed on developing skills in analysis, estimation, and verification. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or a grade of C or better in MA 094 or MA 095.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (3)

**MA 124 History of Elementary Mathematics**Further develops students’ understanding of elementary mathematics using the history of the subject. Topics include numeration, computation, geometry, and the use of mathematics in problem solving. Offered spring semester only. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or grade of C or better in MA 094 or MA 095.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (3)

**MA 127 Elementary Applied Geometry**A survey of elementary geometrical topics stressing numerical relations rather than proofs. Emphasis is given to topics needed for design and for teacher preparation below the secondary level (proportion, area and volume, elementary trigonometry, symmetry). Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or a grade of C or better in MA 094 or MA 095.

* Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (3)

**MA 132 Statistical Analysis**An introduction to basic descriptive and inferential statistical procedures used in the analysis of data. Prerequisites: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or a grade of C or better in MA 094 or MA 095; placement into or completion of EN 101.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (3)

**MA 155 Finite Mathematics**Introduces common problems that can be modeled and solved using techniques of finite mathematics. Applies concepts from the study of functions, probability, counting techniques, and basic finance to business applications. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or a grade of C or better in MA 095.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (3)

**MA 171 Calculus with Precalculus A**This is the first part of a year-long sequence that integrates the study of Precalculus with the study of Calculus I. This first semester includes a review of functions, including polynomial and rational functions, limits, differentiation of algebraic functions, and applications of differentiation. Graphing calculators are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or grade of C or better in MA 095.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (4)

**MA 172 Calculus with Precalculus B**This is the second part of a year-long sequence that integrates the study of Precalculus with the study of Calculus I. This second semester begins with an introduction to integration and continues to apply the study of differentiation and integration to exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions. Graphing calculators are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Completion of this course is equivalent to completion of MA 181. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in MA 171. (4)

**MA 181 Calculus I**Emphasizes separate visual, analytical, and numerical approaches to the fundamental ideas of elementary differential and integral calculus. Topics include differentiation and applications of the derivative, as well as integration and anti-differentiation. Graphing calculators are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (4)

**MA 182 Calculus II**A continued study of differential and integral calculus of a single variable. Topics include techniques of integration, applications of the definite integral, improper integrals, and infinite sequences and series. Graphing calculators and computer algebra software are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or a grade of C or better in MA 172 or MA 181.

* Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT.* (4)

**MA 209 Mathematics Seminar**This weekly seminar is intended for Mathematics majors and minors. Includes lectures on interesting mathematical topics and careers in mathematics. Students will plan and give several small presentations and perhaps partner with other students for larger presentations on material of interest. Offered fall semester only. Corequisite: MA 261 or instructor permission. (1)

**MA 215 Linear Algebra**An introduction to real vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, determinants, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors. The course uses computer algebra software and emphasizes applications. Offered spring semester, odd-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 181 or MA 261 or instructor permission. (3)

**MA 221 Multivariable Calculus**A study of multivariable calculus. Includes elementary three-dimensional geometry, vector-valued functions, partial differentiation, multiple integration, and computations using Green’s and Stokes’ theorems. Students are introduced to the appropriate use of computer algebra software to create three-dimensional graphs and to perform difficult numerical integration. Offered fall semester, odd-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 182 or instructor permission. (4)

**MA 257 Introduction to Number Theory and Proof Techniques**An introduction to proof techniques using the many methods of proof that arise in number theory. This course takes a formal look at the properties of the integers and includes topics such as congruencies, quadratic reciprocity, and solution of Diophantine equations. Offered spring semester, even-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 260 and MA 261.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: INQ.* (3)

**MA 260 Discrete Mathematics for Information Technology**Introduces basic discrete mathematical ideas, many of which were developed in the late 20th century to solve problems in computer science. Topics include elementary logic, Boolean algebras and combinatorial circuits, number systems, sets, counting, elementary probability, and an introduction to graphs and trees. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in a college-level Mathematics course, complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process with placement into MA 171 or MA 181, or permission of the instructor.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT. *(3)

**MA 261 Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning**A companion course to MA 260 for Mathematics majors and minors, MA 261 supplements the introduction to mathematical logic in MA 260 with primers on elementary proofs and mathematical induction. Corequisite: MA 260. (1)

**MA 309 Mathematics Seminar**This weekly seminar is intended for Mathematics majors and encouraged for Mathematics minors. Includes lectures on mathematical topics or careers in mathematics. Students will plan and give at least one large presentation, and partner with other students for smaller presentations. The large presentation must be researched using articles supported by MathSciNet investigations. Offered fall semester only. Prerequisite: MA 209 or permission of the instructor. (1)

**MA 318 Probability and Statistical Inference**A study of the theory of probability, related to use in statistical inference in daily life. Includes solution of problems using the probability laws, random variables, mathematical expectation, and binomial probability, testing of null and alternative hypotheses, and application of the Central Limit Theorem to statistical inference. Appropriate statistical computing software will be used to implement statistical tests. Offered spring semester, odd-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 182. (3)

**MA 325 Differential Equations**Provides students with a first look at Ordinary Differential Equations that focuses on concepts rather than techniques, and equally addresses qualitative, numeric, and analytic approaches to this subject. Students must work intelligently with a computer algebra system to analyze various differential equations and models that arise in the course. Topics include basic modeling, slope fields, bifurcations, some standard forms of differential equations, numerical methods, properties of linear systems, and the analysis of nonlinear systems. Offered fall semester, even-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 182.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: INQ. *(3)

**MA 385 Approaches to Teaching Secondary Mathematics**Prepares the student to teach mathematics at the secondary level by integrating content mastery with effective pedagogical strategies. Field experience: 20 hours. Prerequisites: ED 250, ED 327S, and PSY 312. (3)

**MA 400 Internship**Students register for an internship with a cooperating employer in the Washington metropolitan area. The experience is monitored by a supervising professor and a representative of the cooperating firm. Students completing requirements for mathematics teaching certification fulfill internship requirements through student teaching. Prerequisite: junior status.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: EXP.* (3-6)

**MA 409 Mathematics Seminar**This weekly seminar is intended for Mathematics majors and encouraged for Mathematics minors. Includes lectures on mathematical topics or careers in mathematics. Students will be expected to be a senior partner with other seminar participants preparing smaller investigations, and will give a larger presentation explaining an approved mathematical topic from a refereed mathematics journal. Offered fall semester only. Prerequisite: MA 309 or permission of the instructor. (1)

**MA 418 Stochastic Modeling**A survey of real-world phenomena that are modeled using statistical methods. Topics include decision analysis (tables, trees, and utility theory); applications of Bayes’ Theorem; forecasting; regression; Markov chains; and game simulations. Offered spring semester, even-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 318. (3)

**MA 420 Abstract Algebra**An introduction to abstract reasoning in mathematics in the context of algebraic structures such as rings, fields, and groups. Offered fall semester, even-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 257.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: WI. *(3)

**MA 421 Project**This course is for the independent study of a particular area of mathematics under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: approval of department chair. (1-3)

**MA 425 Introduction to Real Analysis**An introduction to proof techniques using the many methods of proof that arise in the study of number systems and in continuous mathematics, with emphasis on the proofs of calculus. Offered spring semester, odd-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 257 and MA 182.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: INQ, WI.* (3)

**MA 427 Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometries**A study of plane geometry based on Euclid’s axioms, both with and without the parallel postulate. Includes formal study of the consequences of these axioms and algebraic models of both Euclidean and non-Euclidean systems. Offered fall semester, odd-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 257. (3)

**MA 430 Numerical Analysis**Introduces numerical methods for solving applied problems in analysis. Students will develop solutions (or approximate solutions) of mathematical equations which model real-world phenomena. The numerical routines will be implemented using appropriate software. Offered fall semester, even-numbered years, only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 215 and IT 130. (3)

**MA 433 Research**A student in this course will conduct collaborative research (scholarly work leading to new knowledge) under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: application and approval of department chair.

*Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: EXP.* (1-6)

**MA 440 Topics in Mathematics**This course is intended as an opportunity to offer an elective topic of interest for Mathematics majors. Topics may be chosen from Complex Analysis, Logic, Topology, Mathematical Modeling, Combinatorics, Graph Theory, and Theory of Computation. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 182, MA 260, and MA 261. (3)